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Series of five automatic ships placed in lunar orbit by NASA, with the purpose of providing a complete mapping of our natural satellite, both of the visible and the hidden face.
Each Lunar Orbiter was provided with two photographic equipment: a wide angle and a telephoto lens. The images were recorded on film and then transmitted electronically to the ground.
The first Lunar Orbiter was released on August 10, 1966; the fifth on August 1, 1967. The average life of these ships was a few months, after which they were precipitated on the lunar surface, so that they did not interfere in successive missions.
The work of the Lunar Orbiter was essential for the choice of places where Apollo missions would descend with astronauts on board.
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