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Boiler (geology)

Boiler (geology)


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A boilerIn geology, it is a great volcanic depression in a more or less circular form.

Certain boilers are the result of cataclysmic explosions that destroy the erupting volcano; The volcanic islands of Santorín, in Greece, and Krakatoa, in Indonesia, fall into this category.

Others are formed when the underground magma chamber, emptied after successive eruptions, can no longer support the weight of the volcanic mole located above and collapses.

Another example of a volcanic caldera, located on the Canary Island of La Palma (Spain), is the Caldera de Taburiente, where ravine valleys are mixed with peaks that stand out on the edges of the caldera.

Some boilers are occupied by deep lakes, such as Crater Lake, in Oregon, or by flat plains, such as the broad Caldera Valley in northern New Mexico, both in the United States.


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