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The mysterious lines extend over a perimeter 50 kilometers long and 15 kilometers wide. The soil of the region, which is one of the driest and most desert in the world, is brown, but under this first layer another yellow is hidden. When walking, a tread leaves a lasting white spot.
Nazca is a city in Peru, capital of the homonymous province located in the department of Ica, washed by the Nazca River. It is world famous for having welcomed the Nazca culture in its territory, a pre-Inca culture whose peak took place between the 2nd centuries BC. and VI A.D.
This culture stood out for its pottery of symbolic and stylized figures, in which the color dominates the drawing. The Nazca lines are only appreciable from the air.
German math Maria Reiche was the most persistent researcher of these huge drawings. For more than half a century she investigated the Nazca figures, and far from hypotheses about extraterrestrial civilizations, the researcher said that the Nazca lines are a gigantic calendar about the movements of the sun, the moon and the constellations.
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